Could advanced aliens have fine-tuned Earth for life?


Director of the Walter Bradley Center Robert J. Marks did a number of podcasts with Swedish mathematicians Ola Hössjer, and Colombian biostatistician Daniel Diaz in conjunction with a recently published co-author paper about fine-tuning the universe for living in Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics. In the first part of this episode, Podcast 153, “Why Is There Fine-Tuning Everywhere?” They investigated whether the universe’s fine-tuning for life could be explained by the theory that advanced life forms sown life throughout the universe (directed panspermia). Surprisingly, the theory may be considered at least plausible, as it is difficult to otherwise explain the existence of life. As Marks and his guests noted, great scientists were like Francis Crick (1916-2004) and Fred Hoyle (1915–2001) advocated this. But now let’s turn to a more radical proposal: what if the entire universe is a simulation created by advanced aliens?

This section starts at 4:59 a.m. A partial transcript, show notes and additional resources follow.

Nick Bostrom

Robert J. Marks:One of the other theories about the origin of life on earth I only heard about five or six years ago. And it’s called the Sims Theory of Fine-Tuning. Daniel, can you talk about it?

Daniel Diaz: The guy who came up with this theory is Nick Bostrom. He is a philosopher at Oxford University in England.

He suggested that it is possible for us to live in a simulation. There is then an algorithm in every computer program. And a super advanced civilization in the future did a computer simulation, and we are all part of that simulation. It has sparked a lot of controversy.

I know, for example, that Elon Musk is convinced of this theory and says that we all live in a simulation. But it has also met with a lot of headwind from many well-known physicists.

Note: Nick Bostrom at Oxford Institute for the future of the humanities is a key proponent of this view, best known to audiences from film The matrix (1999). The term red pill is from this movie. Elon Musk is certainly a supporter, but the royal astronomer Sir Martin Rees is is sympathetic, as well as Neil deGrasse Tyson At Vulture, a New York culture magazine, we’re given fifteen reasons to do so it could be true. An article was published by Scientific American earlier this year, offer help for the simulation hypothesis because “here we are creating this product called consciousness, which we apparently have no use for, which is an experience and therefore has to serve as an experience. The only logical next step is to suspect that this product is serving someone else. ”The article was written by a senior editor at. written Nature energy. A number of sources are looking for ways to get around test the hypothesis.

Orthodox science struggles so hard to explain life and consciousness.

The simulation hypothesis also plays a role in explaining why we never see extraterrestrial intelligences. The basic thesis is that, as in Star Trek, they follow the First Directive and do not interfere with their experiment.

Robert J. Marks: In my opinion, this is also a kind of kick in the can. We have to ask ourselves again, where is this super race coming from? Surely their ability to write simulations about us must have come from some kind of fine-tuning. The other objection I have is that people do a lot of things that are not algorithmic.

In fact, one of the basic attitudes of the Bradley Center is that we are not algorithmic, that we are doing things that cannot be simulated with a computer program. This includes things like qualia, understanding of consciousness, creativity. And if we are indeed simulations, then whoever did this programming must know how to program non-algorithmic things into our being.

Man I don’t see how this can happen At least as far as I know. Because all computers are limited and all simulations are limited to the algorithmic. Did you hear that Elon Musk hired some people to run around looking for some bugs in our simulation?

Daniel Diaz: To play the advocate of the devil in the sense of the simulation hypothesis,
The argument is that a posthuman civilization is technologically advanced enough to be able to simulate everything we do, even if it doesn’t look algorithmic in some ways.

Robert J. Marks: It seems kind of silly to me. There are a couple of films that I remember using the Sims Theory. One of them, of course, is the matrix. Gosh, Keanu Reeves?

In any case, he wakes up in a large vat of primordial soup, in which he has sunbathed and simulated his whole life. This is an example for the Sims I think. And Elon Musk, looking around Sims for small bugs is really weird. It reminds me of another movie called The Truman Show [1998] with Jim Carey, where he came out once and for all his life, his whole existence was programmed to make it appear as if he were living in a real world. And then, all of a sudden, that big lighting unit says “Ka-thunk!” Right in front of his house. And it came from above where there was a simulation of a sky.

All of a sudden, Jim Carey got the idea that the reality he was seeing might not be true. This reminds me that Elon Musk hired these people to look for flaws in the Sims Theory and see if he could find evidence of it. Anyway, it’s an interesting theory, I suppose.

Next: Are we just biased thinking that the universe is in tune with life?

Here are the previous episodes of the fine-tuning for life discussion:

The first episode:

Ours is a finely tuned – and not a free lunch – universe. The mathematician Ola Hössjer and the biostatistician Daniel Andrés Díaz-Pachón explain to the director of the Walter Bradley Center, Robert J. Marks, why nature works so seamlessly. A “life-sustaining interval” makes it possible – but is that really an accident?


Fine tune? How Bayesian Statistics Can Help Overcome a Deadlock For example, Bayesian statistics are used in spam filtering technology to identify likely spam by examining huge amounts of previous messages. The frequentist approach evaluates the probability of future events, while the Bayesian approach evaluates the probability of events that have already occurred.

The second episode:

Life is so wonderfully fine-tuned it’s scaryA mathematician who uses statistical methods to model the fine-tuning of molecular machines and systems in cells reflects …
Every single cell is like a city that cannot function without a complex network of services that must all work together to sustain life.

Can there be a general theory to fine tune? If you make yourself a bowl of letter soup and the letters line up and say good morning, that is indicated. What are the probabilities? Ola Hössjer sees the beauty of mathematics in the fact that apparently unrelated features in cosmology and biology can be modeled using similar concepts.

The third episode

Was the universe created so that life forms could live? How would we know? We can start by looking at the fundamental constants that underlie the universe. The constants of the universe – gravitational constant, entropy, and cosmological constant – must be finely tuned for life to exist.

Why did Stephen Hawking abandon a theory of everything? Daniel Díaz and Ola Hössjer continue their discussion on the fine-tuning of the universal natural constants with Robert J. Marks. They calculate that the probability that the fine-tuning of our universe is simply random has dropped to 10 to minus sixty – a very small number.

The fourth episode

Is Life From Space A Workable Scientific Hypothesis? Panspermia is currently rated as “plausible but not convincing”. Marks, Hössjer and Diaz discuss the topics. Famous atheist scientists have preferred panspermia because there is no plausible, purely natural explanation for life on earth that would make it unnecessary.

You may also want to read: No Free Lunch: Robert J. Marks: What the Big Bang Teaches Us About Nothing. Bernoulli is right and Keynes is wrong. Bernoulli’s critics do not appreciate the definition of “know nothing”. The concept of “not knowing” can be tricky.

View notes

  • 00:33 | Introduction of Dr. Daniel Díaz and Dr. Ola Hössjer
  • 01:53 | Panspermia
  • 04:59 | The Sims Theory
  • 10:40 | Anthropic principle
  • 18:53 | Multiverse
  • 26:03 | The Creator Interpretation
  • 29:11 | Personal beliefs
  • 36:24 | last words

Additional resources

Download the podcast transcript


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